The history of Il Ferruccio B&B in Florence
The name of the Bed & Breakfast “IL FERRUCCIO” takes inspiration from the Florentine leader “Francesco Ferrucci” called to defend his hometown of Florence besieged by the imperial army: in fact, in 1527 in Florence, a republican uprising overthrew the De’ Medici dominion; in 1529 pope Clemente VI Medici called for the help of Carlo V of the House of Hapsburg in the hope of restoring the dominium of his family, the De' Medici dynasty, in the Tuscan capital.
Amongst the republican army, it was indeed the merchant Francesco Ferrucci who stood out at the beginning of the preparations which preceded the siege of Florence and subsequently in the open field battles.
For seven times “Il Ferruccio” warded off the enemies consisting of mercenary troupes under the command of Filippo D’Orange, and at the end, during the battle of Gavinana, the courageous leader left only with a handful of men, was struck dead by Maramaldo, a Landsknecht soldier on the imperial payroll, who killed him by surprise, first injuring him in cold blood and then leaving him to be slayed by his soldiers.
This is the well-known phrase spoken with contempt by the dying Ferrucci to Maramaldo:
“Vile,tu uccidi un uomo morto!(Coward, you who kills a dead man!)”
The sacrifice of Ferrucci, in the Risorgimento period, became an emblem for a feeling of national pride, in antithesis to the name of his assailant who became for antonomasia synonym of an evil and aggressive man against the weak and defeated.
The Florentine leader is also quoted in the fourth verse of Mameli's hymn:
« Dall'Alpi a Sicilia
Dovunque è Legnano,
Ogn'uom di Ferruccio
Ha il core, ha la mano,
I bimbi d'Italia
Si chiaman Balilla,
Il suon d'ogni squilla
I Vespri suonò.
Stringiamci a coorte
Siam pronti alla morte
L'Italia chiamò. »